Balancing Old School networks with new school technology is a challenge crucial to the future success of our EdTech systems.
By Pete Hannah, Head of Channel UK&I at Zyxel
Academies and secondary schools are no longer just places of teaching and learning. The classroom and campus environment is immersive and interactive, with students and teachers expecting to readily and reliably connect to the school network, during and after the school day.
The focus on technology to supplement traditional teaching methods has risen dramatically over the past 10 years. Indeed, recent research by the British Educational Suppliers Association (BESA) found that the demand for EdTech solutions in secondary schools is higher than that in primary schools, with significantly more demand for classroom content (39%), training (35%) and assessment (28%).The classroom and campus environment is immersive and interactive Click To Tweet
In addition to the vital role that technology plays in enhancing learning, students are also expecting the school environment to support their personal use of technology, which is so intrinsic to their lives. As such, schools are experiencing a surge of personal devices connecting to the network at 8.30am, as students arrive on campus, and again at the end of the day when they check their social media accounts.
But while the demand for and value of technology in the classroom (and beyond) is not in question, secondary schools still find themselves struggling to deliver consistent and secure service for students and teachers, due to IT networks which are not fit for purpose.
The focus on technology to supplement traditional teaching methods has risen dramatically over the past 10 years Click To Tweet
Initially designed to support a few PCs and printers, school networks have had to continually adapt to cope with internal and external pressures, including the introduction of smartboards, streaming and interactive multi-media, in-class tablets, and the influx of BYOD – to name just a few. It’s estimated that 86% of 12 to 15-year-olds in the UK regularly use mobile phones, compared to 69% in 2014. That’s almost nine in 10 students all wanting to connect to the network, once on the school campus.Students now expect the school environment to support their personal use of technology Click To Tweet
This steady rise in the use of personal devices by students, combined with the reliance on technology for teaching is putting a huge strain on the network, with many schools simply unable to adapt their infrastructure quickly enough to manage the ever-changing demands.Initially designed to support a few PCs and printers, school networks have had to continually adapt to cope with internal and external pressures Click To Tweet
For many, the solution has been to add more access points and WiFi routers around the campus, and in classroom and communal areas such as cafeterias and the library. But access points alone won’t be able to deal with the peaks and troughs which plague the network. Only by understanding the demands and being able to better manage access will schools ensure a quality of service, no matter what is thrown at the network.The rise in the use of personal devices by students combined with the reliance on technology for teaching places huge strain on school networks Click To Tweet
Secondary schools can have just as many users on the network as small enterprises. But in a learning environment, huge numbers of people all need to connect simultaneously. For example, if students can’t get online during a lesson, they could find themselves unable to access resources when needed, which will impact the ability for teachers to teach. Different groups of people also need to access the network at different times of day, for multiple reasons, requiring flexible bandwidth capacity, and access to critical online systems while on and off campus. If the network isn’t prepared to cope with this level of usage, it will collapse and have a detrimental effect on learning and campus life.
Along with the sheer volume of users, the security of the network is also at increased risk. More connections increase the points of vulnerability for the school, leaving it more open to breaches or viruses entering and impacting the network.Secondary schools can have as many users on the network as enterprises Click To Tweet
Whilst it is not uncommon for secondary schools to have a dedicated IT or network manager, their remit is often very broad – covering everything from ordering printer toner to fixing laptops, and everything in between. Keeping on top of the needs of the network, from access to security, along with managing day-to-day IT pressures can be difficult. Resources and budgets are often tight which can mean that full network visibility is often not an option and that upgrades and fixes are reactive and deal with short term requirements rather than planning for the long-term.The strain on bandwidth will ultimately impact a teacher’s ability to teach Click To Tweet
Future proofing the network
The strain on bandwidth will ultimately impact a teacher’s ability to teach, which should be the first priority for the network. It is therefore vital that schools ensure that network users experience a high-level of service and pose low levels of risk. With technology integral to teaching and a core part of students’ social interactions, the demands on the underlying infrastructure that make it all possible are only going to continue.
So, what’s the answer? Networks that are flexible, future proofed and easy to manage. Schools require a fast, secure and stable WiFi service to ensure high teaching standards, but this can be a challenge to manage around other IT pressures.The ability to power off (or down) elements of the network when necessary, will help save electricity and reduce unnecessary running costs Click To Tweet
To manage peaks and troughs in usage and deliver current and future technology requirements in the most stable and secure way, the following elements should be the foundation of every school’s IT network strategy:
- Clear visibility and understanding of pressure points. Knowing what access points and areas of the campus are under strain and at what time of day will help the IT team to make provision for peaks and troughs in usage, without second guessing where and when demand is most prevalent.
- Centralised and remote management capabilities. This will make it easy to react to network traffic jams, by managing bottle necks and boosting access to optimise the digital learning experience, and make performance enhancements where it’s needed most, e.g. lecture theatres and public areas.
- Secure and resilient access. Security controls are essential to help mitigate threats to the network and ensure the best user experience. Automated controls make it easy to filter content and restrict access as necessary. Segmenting the network will also ensure it remains secure, no matter who is accessing it.
- Classroom mode. Although a school environment needs to cope with numerous users, the demands will be different from that of a similar sized enterprise. Any networking solution needs to cope with peaks and troughs in usage and the specific demands of school life, from teachers and students, through to the needs of visitors accessing the network. There is no one size fits all approach to securing the school network.
- Energy efficiency. Schools are under immense pressure to do more with dwindling budgets and stretch resources even further. Powering the network can be a cost drain. Although it might sound like a drop in the ocean, the ability to power off (or down) elements of the network when necessary, will help save electricity and reduce unnecessary running costs.
By focusing on these areas, academies and secondary schools can ensure that technology continues to successfully underpin life and learning, rather than undermine schools’ efforts to enhance the environment for teachers and students.
Alice Bonasio is a VR and Digital Transformation Consultant and Tech Trends’ Editor in Chief. She also regularly writes for Fast Company, Ars Technica, Quartz, Wired and others. Connect with her on LinkedIn and follow @alicebonasio on Twitter.